Globo , from Latin globus , is a spherical surface whose points are equidistant from the center . The term can be used to identify various objects, such as a toy, an ornament or an aircraft.

Terraqueo , on the other hand, is a concept composed of the Latin words terra ( "earth" ) and water ( "water" ). The notion is applied with reference to the globe or the terrestrial sphere.

The globe , therefore, is a sphere on whose surface the disposition that lands and seas have on planet Earth is represented . It is a three-dimensional scale model of our planet that is used for scientific, educational, playful or ornamental purposes.

For example: "When I was little, I spent hours watching the globe , " "My uncle gave me a globe to decorate the library , " "The teacher asked me to find three European countries on the globe . "

A terrestrial globe built by Martin Behaim in 1492 is the oldest of those that are preserved today. The first terrestrial globe with representation of the lands that the Europeans met after the voyages of Christopher Columbus and other explorers dates from 1507 and corresponds to Martin Waldeseemüller .

However, although it is the oldest that has been achieved to reach our days is not the oldest. And is that since time immemorial man had to carry out the construction of globes to understand the planet he was on and how it worked.

Thus, it is considered, that they carried out the creation of those mentioned objects figures such as the Greek cartographer and philosopher Crates de Malos. In particular, this character is considered as the first person who built a globe. He did it in the middle of the second century BC and it stood out because it included places like, for example, the Antipodes.

In the same way, it is also interesting to know that since then and until Martin Behaim was formed, there were other equally interesting terrestrial globes. Among these would be, for example, the one that was made in the ninth century for the Caliph Al-Ma'mun, who inspired the work "Thousand and One Nights", and which was characterized by having a high degree of perfection.

Nor should we forget the balloon that was created in the year 1267, in the Asian city of Beijing, by the Persian Jamal ad-Din.

Typically, the globe is placed on an angled support . In this way you can represent the planetary angle in front of the sun and the Earth's rotation, which helps to visualize how the days go by.

It should not be overlooked either that the globe has the aforementioned appearance because, in this way, it notably facilitates what is not only the analysis of how the change of days is carried out but also of the stations of the earth. year.

The globes, in general, present the parallels and meridians so that different locations can be located more easily. Some balloons include relief to show the topography or appeal to different colors so that the elevations are notorious.

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