The cardiology is the specialization of medicine focused on the analysis of the heart . The cardiologists , therefore, can perform diagnostics and treatments indicate disorders linked to this body.

Although the requirements vary according to the country , cardiologists are usually doctors and surgeons who then perform the corresponding specialization. An expert in cardiology should be able to treat patients with any type of cardiac problem and to carry out preventive tasks to minimize the appearance of this type of diseases.

There are many disorders that can affect the heart. At a general level, there is talk of heart failure when the heart is not able to pump the blood necessary for the proper functioning of the body, or can do so but at the expense of other disorders.

Cardiology, in this framework, can diagnose cardiac insufficiencies and indicate the treatments according to the characteristics of the patient. The acute myocardial infarction , with angina pectoris , the endocarditis , the ventricular fibrillationand atrial fibrillation are among the processes that studies and treats cardiology.

With the aim of establishing a diagnosis , the specialist in cardiology can indicate various studies, such as an electrocardiogram , a Doppler ultrasound , the Holter test (which provides 24-hour uninterrupted monitoring of the patient), the vasculating table test, the ergometry (or effort) test, outpatient blood pressure control, tilt test and drug awareness studies.

Among the usual treatment procedures are bypass , angioplasty and stentimplantation .

When a person decides to start a sporting activity, it is advisable to go to a doctor to check their physical condition. In this context, a consultation with a cardiology expert is often suggested to determine if your heart is functioning correctly and would be able to withstand the effort.

It is important to point out that the field of cardiology is complex, and therefore it is common for cardiologists to choose one of the various subspecializations to focus on their careers; in this context we find areas such as nuclear cardiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac electrophysiology, cardiac rehabilitation, ecocardiology, heart rhythm disorders, the coronary unit and intensive cardiology therapy .

As mentioned above, we are facing one of the many branches of medicine. Depending on the country, there are several requirements to graduate in cardiology. A bachelor's degree in medicine and surgery is usually required before carrying out the specialty studies, which usually last approximately five years.

Throughout the academic training process, doctors aspiring to cardiologists have to approach various aspects that are related to the specialty, among which are the following:

* hospital medicine : it covers the care of patients who have been admitted to a health center, as well as outpatient or outpatient, for those who go to the consultation but then do not need to stay in the hospital;

* assistance in cases of emergency or acute treatment that can not be delayed;

* clinical cardiology : it deals with all the issues that relate to work with patients directly and the possible ways to address each case in particular;

* pre and post-operative care : to minimize surgical risks, it is necessary to carry out a cardiological evaluation before any operation . In the same way, postoperative care is very important for an adequate recovery;

* preventive cardiology : studies the measures that professionals must take to prevent the occurrence of the diseases contemplated within this branch of medicine.

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