The Latin term forensis came to our language as a forensic . The first meaning mentioned in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ) refers to that linked to the forum : the place where the courts hear and define causes or the meeting of specialists to discuss a certain issue before an audience.

The most common use of the concept appears linked to a specialty of medicine : forensic medicine or legal medicine . This is the branch of medicine that is oriented to advise the courts through the development of skills and studies .

A forensic doctor, in this sense, is officially attached to a court of instruction, which orders the development of expert practices in the causes of their competence that require it. Forensics, therefore, contribute their knowledge about biology and medicine to solve problems posed by law.

In this way, forensics support the courts when it comes to administering justice . A judge can go to a coroner to find out how and when a person died, to cite a case. This information is often vital to solve a criminal case.

Let us suppose that, after two months of searching, the lifeless body of a woman whose whereabouts were unknown appears. The judge of the case resorts to forensic experts so that, from the autopsy and other analyzes, they provide information on the cause of death. Forensics, after relevant studies, determine that the woman died of natural causes in the same place where her body was found. This rules out the possibility of a violent death and, therefore, the existence of a crime.

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